RESEARCH CENTRE

 

·         Overview

·         Project Activities

·         Environmental Monitoring Programmes

·         Training

·         Research Publications          

·         Research Abstracts

·         Instruments Available

·         AAQM Data

 

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Overview

 

The Research Center of M.P. Pollution Control Board was established in the year 1990 on the 22nd of April, the ‘Earth Day’. The Research Centre has been set up with the following objectives:-

 

·                  To monitor the status of pollution in the state with reference to specific project activities.

·                    To monitor effluents and emissions at micro  level.

·                    To provide support to Regional offices   during episodal pollution

·               To organize lectures, symposium, seminar and training so as to update the knowledge of the personnel of the Board and other interested institutions in matters relating to water, air & vehicular pollution abatement technology.

·                    To bring out research paper and present them in seminars and symposiums.

·              To Organize Analytical Quality Control programmes to assure high quality performance of the laboratories of M.P. Pollution Control Board.

·                To provide Central analytical facilities to the Board's regional laboratories with respect to specific parameters, to take up research projects in a phased manner & thereby keep continuous watch on the environment of Madhya Pradesh.

 

To fulfill these objectives, the Research Centre boasts of facilities of the sophisticated instruments like Atomic Absorption spectrophotometer, Gas Chromatograph, Photometers and other supporting instruments necessary to monitor the pollution status of environment.

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Year 2006-07

 

On Going Projects

 

·         Ground water pollution study of Pithampur Industrial Area :

·         Study on formation of AOX with special reference to trihalomethane  in the

chlorinated drinking water of Indore city

·         Study on effect of coal mine activities on surrounding environment  :-

·         Determination of residues of heavy metals and pesticides in agriculture products and soil in the vicinity of Narmada river of M.P.

 

Proposed Projects

 

·          Studies on effect of coal mine activities on surrounding environment.

·          Studies on presence of volatile  halogenated biphenyl and metals in industrial drain and river 

·          Ground water pollution study.

·          Leachate study of solid waste

·          Bio-monitoring Study of Rivers 

·          Studies on toxicity of Industrial effluent.

 

            Suggestions in this regard is welcome.

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ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING PROGRAMMES

 

The ongoing environmental management programmes include the GEMS, MINARS, NAAQM etc:

 

1.   Global Environmental Monitoring System (GEMS)

 

The programme was started in collaboration with internal organisations to strengthen the existing water monitoring system to develop new systems, to improve the authenticity of the water quality data and to study the effects of hazardous waste on water quality.

Monitoring under this programme was started in Madhya Pradesh in 1976 initially at 3 points. Presently monitoring is being performed at five point. The programme is sponsored by the Central Pollution Control Board.

 

2.   Monitoring of India National Aquatic Resources System (MINARS)

The section 17 of Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974, provides for ensuring quality of our natural water resources. The Central Pollution Control Board, therefore devised a scheme known as "Monitoring of Indian National Aquatic Resources System (MINARS). The programme is being executed through the State Boards since 1986. MPPCB is monitoring 41 selected points located on different rivers.

 

3.   National Ambient  Monitoring Programme (NAMP)

The programme was started by M.P. Pollution Control Board in the year 1986. Under this programme ambient air monitoring sites were selected for continuous monitoring of ambient air in industrial cities of the country. In Madhya Pradesh under this programme continuous monitoring of ambient air is being performed at 19 sites in urban and industrial areas.

Analysis of suspended particulate matter ((SPM) sulphur dioxide SO2 and oxides of nitrogen (NOx) is being carried out Central Pollution Control Board has given financial support to the State Board for the operation and maintenance to run this programme.

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TRAINING

 

Training is the most important tool for matching the pace of development in the field of environmental management. It is the most efficient way for updating the knowledge and skills of those who need to be made conversant with the intricacies of environmental management.

The M.P. Pollution Control board organises training programme to educate the different category of personnel's in this field i.e. the environmentalists, the NGO's, the industrial managers, the social workers, industrial workers etc. The Board has a well-qualified and experienced faculty and instrumental infrastructure to take up the challenge. The faculty includes scientists in various disciplines, chemical engineers and expert from the field of Analytical and pure chemistry, mining engineers and geologists, zoologists and biologists, civil and mechanical engineers. All in all the Board boasts a faculty of nearly 100 experts armed with an experience ranging from 10 to 25 yrs. The onus lies on the Research centre of the Board for organising dedicated training programmes at a regular periodicity for the institution and organisations in this field as part of the Boards activities.

 

 

In-house Trainings ( 2004-05)

 

·        Good laboratory practice & quality management. From 15th to 16th February 2005

 

·        Sample collection & preservation techniques for environmental samples

     (Water,Air & Solids). From 3rd to 4th March 2005

 

 

In-house Trainings (2005-06)

 

·         Wet Chemical & Colorimetric analysis for Water/Waste water

                       From 27th – 28th April 2005

 

·         Theoretical & Practical aspects in Air/Noise monitoring

                       From 5th – 7th July 2005

 

·         Sample Preparation Techniques for micro pollutants and exposure to Ion analyser & Spectrophotometric analysis From 22nd – 24th Aug 2005

 

·         Training on Advanced Instrumentation Applications

Ø                 Trace Organics

Ø                 Metal Analysis

                       From 30th Nov – 2nd Dec 2005

 

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                                                                    Research Publications

 

 

(Year 2004-06)

 

    1.    Preliminary study of river Narmada Hoshangabad, MP with reference to adsorbable organic

           halides(AOX).IIT Bombay 8th-9thDec2003.

 

     2.   Preliminary study of river Betwa with reference to adsorable organic halides(AOX) M. P.

           Science congress Bhopal. 26th to 27th Dec2004.

 

     3.   Studies on formation of AOX (specially THMs) in chlorinated drinking water work

           Mandideep.6th to 8th Jan. 2005.Indian waste water work asso. 37th annu. convention

           Hyderabad.

 

      4.  Preliminary study of environmental samples with references to adsorable organic halides

           (AOX).

 

      5.  Studies on "Impact of flyash on surrounding environment" with special reference to   

            STP,Sarni M.P. National seminar on New dimensions in environmental system. I.S.C.A.

            Bhopal.5th to 6th March 2005.

 

      6.   Pollution status of river  Patra W.R.T. heavy metals and pesticides. National seminar on

            New dimensions in environmental system. I.S.C.A. Bhopal.5th to 6th March 2005.

 

      7.  Ground water quality status of Pilookheri industrial area. National seminar on New

           dimensions in environmental system. I.S.C.A. Bhopal.5th to 6th March 2005.

 

      8.  Particle bound Polycyclic Aeromatic Hydrocarbon content in Ambient Air of Bhopal city.

           International Conference on Toxicology, Environmental & Occupational Health 14th – 17th

              Nov. 05.

 

      9.  Comparative Water Quality Study of Bhopal Water work Stations with special reference to

           AOX. M.P. Science Congress, Bhopal. 17-18 Dec. 05.

 

     10.  Status & Trend s of Air Quality in Bhopal city. M.P. Science Congress, Bhopal. 17-18 Dec. 05.

 

     11.  Studies of Toxicity of  Industrial  Effluent  with special reference to fertilizer (Urea manufacturing Industries)

                M.P. Science Congress, Bhopal. 17-18 Dec. 05.

 

       12.   Pollution Studies on the Vegetation due to Thermal Power Station Aerial discharge. 24th Annual

                Conference of Indian Council of Chemists 2005.

 

      13.  Ground Water Quality Assessment of Mandideep Industrial Area. National Seminar on Environment &

                 Development  EPCO, Bhopal. 16-17 Jan. 06.

 

      14.  AOX – A New Emerging Parameter in Environmental Monitoring.   National Seminar on Environment &

                 Development  EPCO, Bhopal. 16-17 Jan. 06.

 

       15.  Studies on Toxicity of Industrial Effluent. National Seminar on New Horizons in Environment  & its derived

                  problems., Bhopal. 3-4 Feb. 06.

 

       16.  Presence of Heavy Metals & Poly aromatic Hydrocarbon in Ambient Atmosphere of Bhopal City.;

                  National Seminar on Environment & Development  EPCO, Bhopal. 16-17 Jan. 06.

 

          17. Studies on Ground Water Quality of Dewas Industrial Area, M.P. National Seminar on Environment &

                  Development  EPCO, Bhopal. 16-17 Jan. 06.

 

        18. Quality Assurance in Environmental Data. National Seminar on Environment & Development  EPCO,

                  Bhopal. 16-17 Jan. 06.

 

        19. Bio –future in Greening Bhopal city. National Seminar on Bio Technology & its  Role in Facilitation of

                  Green Revolution in Bhopal. 1st March 06.

 

        20. Effect of Idol Emersion  on the Water Quality with special reference  to Metals. National Seminar on

                  Pollution & its effect on Urban Environment, Bhopal. 25-26, Nov. 06.

 

        21. Study of Ground water status of Industrial Area, Pithampur, Distt. Dhar, M.P. National Seminar on Pollution

                  & its effect on Urban Environment, Bhopal. 25-26, Nov. 06.

 

 

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                                                             Research Abstracts

 

 

Studies On Ground Water Quality Of Dewas Industrial Area [M.P.],   2005-06.

 

Water wells are “engineered holes in the ground” that are constructed to access water that fills the cracks and pores of rocks in the earth’s upper crust. This water in geologic formations is called ground water. It soaks through layers of earth and rock from rainfall and neighborhood water bodies.). However, we cannot take our ground water resources for granted. Once pumped from the ground, it takes longer to replenish a ground water supply source than a surface water source. Recharge is relatively slow because the replacement (recharge) water from rain or other sources generally must filter down (infiltrate) slowly through the soil and rock to the ground water table. It is also difficult and expensive to cleanup contaminated ground water.

 

 

 

Status of Air Quality in Various Cities of M.P., 2004-05

 

          On the basis of data of last two years (2004 & 2005) and foregoing discussion it was observed that the gaseous pollution is well below the prescribed norms of NAAQS at urban areas of M.P. at Nagda higher concentration of gaseous pollutants were noticed as compared to the other cities of M.P. Nagda is a industrial township and the presence of NO2 & SO2 may be due to the industrial activities going on in this area.

 

           No drastic changes were observed in the value of SO2 in the various locations of the Madhya Pradesh. However, decreasing trend has been observed in the concentration of SO2 at most of the locations may be because of low generation of Sulphur dioxide due to enhance use of clean fuel for domestic and industrial purposes.

 

           There had not been much variation was observed in the annual mean value of nitrogen oxide in the various city of Madhya Pradesh. The presence of oxides of nitrogen in the urban areas due to large population of vehicles mainly constitute nitric oxide which is transformed to other oxides of nitrogen during atmospheric reactions and dissipated and absorbed during the secondary reaction in the atmosphere.

 

           Suspended particulate matter and respirable particulate matter is one of the critical air pollutants in most of the urban cities and depicted violation of standard at almost all the monitored locations except at industrial area. The presence of SPM/RSPM in the urban atmosphere are not only contributed by anthropogenic activities but also by natural dust, which remains in circulation for long period until these are settled as dry deposition or washed out from the atmosphere by rains. The settled particles are re suspended during dry conditions by wind movement again.

 

           The other reason behind presence of high SPM/RSPM levels may be temperate climate, soil born particles, dust origination from soil erosion due to strong wind, motor vehicles movement frequent construction activities etc.

 

           However, higher values were observed during 2005 as compared to 2004 in the SPM/RSPM concentration in most of the monitored places of the Madhya Pradesh except Nagda, Bhopal and Satna where decline trend was observed. This is a better indication, which might be due to the awareness among the people regarding pollution. Increase forestation and use of high-grade fuel is also a factor for reducing the air pollution.

 

 

 

Ground Water Quality Status of Mandideep Industrial Area, 2003-05

 

           On the basis of obtained data it was observed that the ground water of Mandideep industrial is alkaline in nature and high in dissolved content. Mean concentration of chloride is within the permissible norm however, its presence in remarkable concentration suspecting the pollution. Values of hardness keeps the ground water of Mandideep industrial area in the “Hard” water category, the reason behind it, seems to be geochemical. The average concentration of fluoride is within the norms but its concentration (up to 1.9 mg/l) at some of the places at some occasions is alarming and needs treatment prior to use. Bacterial contamination was also noticed in the ground water of Mandideep which may be due to the leaching of sewage or some type of surface water which contaminating the ground water. During the two year of study span it was observed that higher value of most of the monitored parameters was found in the second year of the study which indicates the deterioration of the quality of ground water of Mandideep with time.

 

           Some of the metals viz., iron, manganese, zinc and copper were also detected but its average value is within the safe norms. Organic pollution was also detected in the ground water of Mandideep area; this may be due to industrial as well as domestic activities.

 

 

 

Presence of Heavy Metals and Polyaromatic Hydrocarbon in Ambient Atmosphere of Bhopal City, 2004-05

 

           Suspended particulate matter and respirable particulate matter is one of the critical air pollutants in most of the urban cities and depicted violation of standard. The presence of SPM/RSPM in the urban atmosphere are not only contributed by anthropogenic activities but also by natural dust, which remains in circulation for long period until these are settled as dry deposition or washed out from the atmosphere by rains. The settled particles are re suspended during dry conditions by wind movement again. However, decreasing trend was observed in the SPM/RSPM concentration in the monitored places, which might be due to the awareness among the people regarding pollution.

The decrease of majority metals in their concentrations as compare to the previous study, mainly those of lead which was not detected in the ambient atmosphere is mainly due to gradual decrease of lead content in petrol since 1982 and nowadays by producing lead free petrol only. Last but not least the total decrease in burning conventional fuels, which were substituted by LPG also contributed remarkable to the lower concentrations of metals. Concentrations of heavy metals in ambient air of Bhopal city was found within the range of OSHA Permissible Exposure Limits values defined for Air Contaminants.

 

           From the observed PAH concentration, it is noted that all the values of PAHs in ambient air environment in Bhopal city are well within the limits as per CPCB standard (as BaP 5ng/m3) & OSHA standard (0.2 mg/m3). However, it is categorically mentioned here that some strong carcinogen such as Benzo(a)Pyrene & Benzo(a) Fluoranthene are observed at higher side.

 

           Indian scenario of increasing in cancer cases, allergic diseases, bronchitis and other respiratory problems needs to be get more attention for air pollution from researchers and policy makers with special reference to air toxics.

 

           Research on air pollution, studies on occupational exposure to pollutants, strategies to abate air pollution and many other activities that promote cleaner technologies should be encouraged to save the Indian human resources.

 

 

 

 

Studies on correlation between AOX (especially THMs) formation potential, Organic Carbon and Chlorophyll content in Upper Lake, Bhopal, 2004-05

 

           Present study reported nil to high (49.00μg/l) and Dichlorobromethane (3.5 μg/l) was found in the treated water. Among all the THMs, Chloroform was observed at higher level as compared to other THMs. It was also noticed that after chlorination, THMs concentrations was increased with distance (time) in the distribution system and maximum values were found at the sampling point furthest from the treatment plant.

 

           USEPA guidelines mention the limit for TTHMs in drinking water as 100 μg/l and WHO set the limit 30 μg/l (as Chloroform). Although observed concentration of TTHMs and Chloroform is well below the existing norms, however, the presence of these compounds suggests the need of monitoring for TTHMs with sound sampling and analysis strategy to assess  the consumer exposure to DBPs and its behaviour within the distribution systems.

 

           Findings of present study also necessitate the detailed investigations for identification of individual toxic compounds present in AOX. Individual, specific & advanced analytical procedure proposed to be developed for identification of individual halogenated hydrocarbon.

 

 

 

 

Micro flora Studies of River Betwa, 2003-04

 

 

           Betwa river rising from near Bhopal, Betwa river first touches Distt. Lalitpur near Dhojri Village and is joined by Narain river at the same point. Betwa flows northward to make the Distt. Western boundary and turns north – east forming its boundary with Jhansi Distt. Betwa has been dammed at Matatila and a multipurpose inter state RAJGHAT dam has been recently built for generation of electricity as well as irrigation in U.P. and M.P.

 

           The contamination of surface waters with pollutants & nutrients pose a risk for the natural functions of surface waters to use. Beside nutrients there are several other organic and inorganic substances discharged into the water. In view of increasing degradation of our water bodies, it is very important to know what substances enter our environment, what is their quantity and sources and how they are distributed in the ecosystem.

 

           Studies on micro flora identifies the changes in water quality with reference to inorganic and organic substances. This may affect the presence, absence, population level and behavioral changes in the organisms. These organisms are called as Bio-indicators.

 

           The present study was undertaken to assess the presence micro flora of different taxonomic group in water of river Betwa from Mandideep to Raisen.

 

 

 

 

 

Studies on formation of AOX (specially THMs) drinking water of Raisen District, 2003-04

 

           Present study reported, nil to high (123 μg/l) level of TTHMs in different stages of water treatment in AKVn, Water Works, Mandideep, Distt. Raisen, M.P. Maximum value of Chloroform (7.8 μg/l), Dichlorobromomethane (2.5 μg/l) and TTHMs (8.9 μg/l) was found in the finished water. Among all the THMs concentration of Chloroform was observed higher as compared to the other THMs.

 

 

 

 

Studies on Presence of Heavy Metals & Halogenated Hydrocarbons in River Betwa, District Raisen (M.P.), 2003-04

 

           On the basis of foregoing discussion, it was concluded that AOX formation in the river is initiated at Mandideep Industrial Area immediately after confluence of industrial waste, which is further enhanced after mixing of domestic waste & reaches a maximum value of 6545 μg/l at Nayapura. Presence of Bromodichloromethane, Chlorodibromomethane and Toluene indicate that man-made pollution which containing halogenated hydrocarbons are received by aquatic system.

           It is suggested that the industrial effluent discharged from industrial nalla should be treated to maximum possible extent to maintain the quality of river water. Heavy metals are injurious to health; intensive care should be taken to check its concentration. There is no doubt that the chlorinated solvents should withdrawn large-scale deleterious environmental changes. Proscription would also be treated in a precautionary way.

 

           AOX is a group of halogenated organic compounds. Toxic forms of AOX are formed when elemental chlorine is used in the pulp bleaching process. Therefore, detailed investigations are required for identification of individual toxic compounds present in AOX. Individual specific & advanced analytical procedure also proposed to be developed for identification of individual halogenated hydrocarbon. 

 

 

 

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                                              INSTRUMENTS  AVAILABLE  AT  RESEARCH CENTRE

                                                              

 

S.No.

Name of Equipment

Application

 

1.      

AOX Analyser

fpr analysis of Adsorbable Organic halogenated  compounds

2.      

Aquaguard

 

3.      

A. Perkin Elmer  AAS

B. GBC AAS (Shifted

from R.O. Rewa)

For heavy metal detection

4.      

Autoclave

for sterilization of glassware and chemical solution

5.      

Automatic Slide Projector

Presentation

6.      

Bacteriological Field Kit

Bacteriological analysis

7.      

Bacteriological Incubator

Bacteriological analysis

8.      

BOD Counter

 

9.      

BOD Incubator

Incubation of samples

10.  

Centrifuge

 

11.  

COD Digestion Unit

Digestion of samples for COD test

12.  

Colony Counter

 

13.  

Colour Comparator

Colour identification

14.  

Conductivity Meter

Conductivity determination

15.  

Cyanide Analysis Kit

Cyanide analysis

16.  

Deep Freezer

Preservation of samples

17.  

Filtration Assembly

Filtration purposes

18.  

Flame Photo Meter

Sodium & Potassium analysis

19.  

Flash Point Monitor

Flush point detection of solvents

20.  

FTIR Instrument Noise Level Meter

Identification of compounds

21.  

Fume Hood

Sample pretreatment  purposes

22.  

Gas Chromatograph with accessories

Trace organic analysis

23.  

Heavy Metal Digester

Pretreatment of samples for heavy metal analysis

24.  

High Performance Liquid Chromatography

For organic analysis

25.  

High Volume Sampler

Ambient air sampling (SO2, NOx & SPM)

26.  

High Volume Sampler (RDS)

 Ambient air sampling (SO2,NOx,SPM & RSPM)

27.  

Hot Air Oven

Solids analysis

28.  

Hot Plate 30 x 45 cm

For pretreatment

29.  

Hot Plate 45 x 60 cm

For pretreatment

30.  

Humidity Meter

Humidity measurement

31.  

Hydrometer

 

32.  

Hydroprobe

 

33.  

Inverted Microscope

identification of planktons

34.  

Kjeldahl Apparatus

Digestion & distillation for total nitrogen analysis

35.  

Laminar Flow Inoculator

Inoculatation  chamber for bacteriological test

36.  

Laser Portable Leaf Area Meter

Leaf area measurement

37.  

Mercury Analyser

Mercury analysis

38.  

Metller Balance

For weighing of chemicals

39.  

Micron Gauge Meter

for measurement of thickness

40.  

Microwave Digestion System

for digestion of heavy metal samples

41.  

Muffle Furnace

Solids analysis

42.  

Nitrogen Gas Generator

Generation of nitrogen gas

43.  

Noise Level Meter

Noise level measurement

44.  

NOx source analyser with accessories

Continuous monitoring of NOx

45.  

Orion Specific Analyser with Electrodes

For ionic analysis

46.  

Over Head Projector

Presentation purposes

47.  

Oxi.Meter (Portable)

Dissolve oxygen measurement

48.  

pH Meter

pH measurement

49.  

pH Meter (Mettler)

pH measurement

50.  

Photometer

 

51.  

Plant Stress Monitor

 

52.  

Refrigerator

For preservation of standard/chemicals

53.  

Research Microscope

 

54.  

Rotary Shaker

Miscellaneous uses

55.  

Rotary Vacuum Film Evaporator

For pretreatment

56.  

Seed Germinator

 

57.  

Single Distillation Unit (Water Still)

Single distilled water

58.  

Single Pan Balance

For weighing of chemicals/Samples

59.  

SO2 source analyzer with accessories

 

60.  

Soxhlet Apparatus

For pretreatment purposes

61.  

SPME Kit

Extraction of organic samples

62.  

Stack Monitoring Kit

For source monitoring

63.  

Stereo Microscope

 

64.  

Tissue Homogenizer

For homogenization of biological samples

65.  

TKN Digestion Cum Distillation Unit

Digestion & distillation for total nitrogen analysis

66.  

Top Pan Balance

For weighing of chemicals/Samples

67.  

Toxic Gas Analyser

 

68.  

Triple Distillation  Apparatus

For triple distilled water

69.  

Turbidity Meter

Turbidity measurement

70.  

Ultrasonic Bath

For ultrasonication of samples

71.  

UV-VIS Spectrophotometer

For cation/anion analysis

72.  

Vacuum Pumps

Miscellaneous uses

73.  

Water Analysis Kit

For analysis of field parameters

74.  

Water Bath

Miscellaneous uses

75.  

Water Current Meter

Water flow measurement

76.  

Water Deionizer

Deionised water

77.  

Wind Speed and Direction Recorder

wind speed & direction measurement

78.  

WTW Conductivity MTR (Portable)

Conductivity measurement

79.  

Xerox Photocopier

for photocopies

80.  

Zero Head Space Extractor Waste System with accessories

Pretreatment for TCLP

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