CHEMICAL ACCIDENTS (EPPR) RULES, 1996

A vast number of Chemicals are in use at present and they pose vital threat to the environment and mankind, unless handled and managed in proper way, and hence the Govt. of India has Rules under title Chemical Accidents (Emergency planning, Preparedness and response) Rules, 1996 framed  to effectively deal with Chemical emergency.  The prime features of these rules are as follows:

  • The Central Govt. shall constitute a Central Crisis Group to deal with various aspects of the rule.
  • Functions of Central Crisis Group are also defined.
  • The State Govt. is to constituted State Crisis Group which shall be the apex body in the State to deal with major Chemical accidents and to provide expert guidance for handling major chemical accidents.
  • Functions of the State Crisis Group are also defined in the rules.
  • Provision of District Crisis Group, to be headed by District Collector and their functions, and Local Crisis Group, to be headed by S.D.M. along with their functions, are there in the rules.
  • The major accident hazard installations in the industrial pockets in the district shall aid, assist and facilitate functioning of District and Local Crises Group.
  • A list of Hazardous Chemicals is also defined in the rules.
  • In Madhya Pradesh, the State Crises Group has already been constituted under the Chairmanship of State Chief Secretary and all the 61 district also have the District Crises Groups, headed by District Collectors, to meet any Chemical emergencies / accidents.